Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon with a population of over two million. Over-looking the Mediterranean Sea and flanked by the Lebanon mountains, the city offers astonishing views and experiences. Beirut´s coast is diverse; rocky beaches, sandy shores, and cliffs side by side. The city enjoys a Mediterranean climate with hot and rain-free summers, pleasant fall and spring seasons, and cool, rainy winters.
Beirut´s history goes back more than 5,000 years. The culture of Beirut has evolved under the influence of many civilizations and peoples, including Phoenician, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, and Ottomans. This history of cosmopolitanism is a point of pride for the Lebanese.
Beirut is the most religiously diverse city of Lebanon and possibly in all of the Middle East. There are nine major religious communities in Beirut; Sunni Muslim, Shiite Muslim, Druze, Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholic, Armenian Apostolic, Armenian Catholic, and Protestant.
After the destructive Lebanese civil war, between 1975 and 1990, Beirut has undergone major reconstruction. The once destroyed town centre is thriving once again and is a hub of activity. Its former reputation as a crossroads between three continents and a gateway to the East has been restored and modernized. The city is said to be the “Paris of the East”. Beirut has regained its status as a tourist, cultural, and intellectual centre in the Middle East, as well as a centre for commerce, fashion, and media.
Foundation: 3000 BC
Climate: Mediterranean, hot summer, pleasant spring and fall, mild rainy winter
GMT Offset: GMT +2 hours
To do and see: Skiing and winter sports, Hiking and trekking, Beaches and Seaside, Caves, Zahlé – The Bride of the Bekaa Valley, Tyre (Sour), Sidon (Saida), Jounieh, Chouf Mountains, Byblos (Jbail), Bekaa Valley, Baalbek – the ‘Sun City’,
Arabic in Beirut
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